国立研究開発法人 国立成育医療研究センター National Center for Child Health and Development

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Department of Radiology

Medical services

Our department consists of two divisions: diagnostics and radiotherapy.

The Division of Diagnostic Radiology provides complete radiology and imaging services for the evaluation of pediatric diseases throughout the NCCHD. Plain radiographs, fluoroscopy, X-ray computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, interventional radiology, and ultrasound are all available. We always follow ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) standards to limit radiation exposure.

At the Division of Radiotherapy, results of investigations are discussed at multidisciplinary meetings of the hospital’s Tumor Board. We plan a course of radiotherapy based on pathology, imaging, intra-operative findings and clinical course. If necessary, radiotherapy is performed under general anesthesia, which is provided by pediatric anesthesiologists

Specialties

In 2012, we performed 66,211 radiological examinations throughout the year. The vast majority of investigations are diagnosed and reported on by our board of certified pediatric radiologists. The department has clinical radiologists and radiology technologists on call at all times in order to respond to emergency cases.

Throughout the week there are a number of imaging meetings held with specialists from other departments. During off-hours, we promptly perform ultrasounds, plain X-ray examinations, and CT examinations. All examinations performed out of hours are reviewed by emergency staff and on-duty radiologists during each morning meeting.

We also offer a telephone counseling service for residents and physicians, with the purpose of providing the best plan of diagnostic modalities to help prevent unnecessary radiation exposure among children.

The department provides an urgent reading service in which physicians can request a radiology diagnostic report within 30 minutes after an examination.

Recently, the rate of interventional pediatric radiology cases has increased. For instance, we have treated a total of 29 cases of embolization of the vein of Galen aneurysmal formation. Likewise, interventional radiology following liver transplants has also increased in recent years.